Phases of Web Penetration Testing
Discovery & Pre-engagement Tasks
This is the first phase of penetration testing, where the reconnaissance activities are performed on the target system.
Here, the aim is to find and collect as much information as possible about the target. This information can be the IP address, user names, email addresses, job titles, and more.
Attempt to Penetration
After collecting the information, the pentesters can start finding and testing the loopholes. The aim of this phase is to identify the entry points and attempt to penetrate the system and gain access. Once they compromise the target system, the next step is to find access to other environments in an attempt to reach the admin privileges.
Analyze and Create a Report
While attempting the penetration, the pen testers should keep track of every point. It helps them to create the report of their analysis with all the details. They can highlight the entry points, vulnerabilities, as well as other weak points inside the system.
In the report, the pen testers also include the next possible steps that can be taken, priorities to be set, and the methods to remediate the loopholes.
Using the report created in the previous phase, organizations can get information about the weaknesses in their systems. The next step is to evaluate the right ways to remediate the vulnerabilities in order to prevent the attacks.
After doing the remediation, it is time to retest the entire environment again. The pentesting needs to be done frequently for the new apps, infrastructure, and networks. Sometimes, new vulnerabilities may also arise because of outdated tools or systems. So, pentesting remains an ongoing process.
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The role of a vulnerability scan is to check for vulnerabilities found with little or no user interaction.
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