ReactJS Tutorial

What is ReactJS Code Splitting? How Does React Code Splitting Work?

Table of Contents

  • Understanding Code Splitting
  • What is ReactJS Code Splitting?
  • How Does Code Splitting Work in ReactJS?
  • React.lazy
  • React.lazy with Suspense
  • Test your knowledge with a quick quiz!
  • How Suspense works?

Understanding Code Splitting

JavaScript might be a simple language, but it can produce some complex code bases. This is because of the presence of a large variety of classes and modules. JavaScript programs often have many dependencies. This can lead to a large amount of code, even in a project that seems simple. When a project has more code, the browser will load slowly. 

Code-splitting comes into the picture here. It is a method to strike a balance between the size of dependencies with the performance of JavaScript code. As your website grows larger and libraries from third parties are included, it also becomes heavier. Code Splitting in React makes the code efficient by splitting bundles and loading them only when needed.

What is ReactJS Code Splitting?

Code splitting allows programmers to omit certain dependencies from bundles and insert them only where they are needed. This means that these dependencies are loaded only when needed. Result? The page loads quickly.

While the page is still loading the same amount of code, it may not execute all the loaded code. This results in a difference in page loading speed. Consider, for instance, if a dynamic element in a page requires a large dependency, it could cause a significant page lag. 

Now, if the dependency is loaded only when the element is used, no lag will be generated.

Bundlers like Webpack, Rollup, and Browserify support the code-splitting feature.

How Does Code Splitting Work in ReactJS?

You can implement code-splitting in React in several ways. Some of them are listed here.

  • Dynamic Imports

The simplest way to split a code is to import a module dynamically. There can be times when you may not need to import a module. Websites can dynamically import elements based on user actions.

Here's an example of how to dynamically load a module when the user clicks an element.


React.lazy makes it easy to code-split a React application on a component level using dynamic imports. It allows you to import a dependency dynamically and render that dependency as a component in a single line of code.

React.lazy with Suspense

We have understood the importance of code splitting and lazy loading to improve page performance. Large JavaScript codes can take forever to load and the problem is more when the network connection is weak or the devices are weak.

However, even when you use React.lazy, there will always be a slight delay while the code-split component is being fetched over the network. This can affect user experience. Therefore, it is crucial to display a useful loading state. React.lazy with the Suspense component can help solve this problem.

Test your knowledge with a quick quiz!

What is used when there's a slight delay while fetching data in ReactJS?

Select the correct answer

How Suspense works?

It accepts a fallback component and allows you to display any React component as a loading state. Let us understand this through an example.

Did you find this article helpful?