Python Tutorial for Beginners

Understanding Python OOPS Concepts

What is OOPS Concept in Python?

Python can be used in several ways and supports a variety of programming methods.

Creating objects is a common way to address a programming challenge. Object-Oriented Programming is the term for this (OOP). Here, let’s go through Python Object-Oriented Programming and important concepts related to it.

An object has two characteristics:

1. attributes

2. behavior

Let's take an example:

A Penguin is an object because it possesses the following characteristics:

name, age, color as attributes

singing, dancing as behavior

The notion of OOPS in Python focuses on writing reusable code. DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself) is another name for this principle.

Understanding Class in Python OOPS

A class is an object's blueprint. The class can be compared to a sketch of a Penguin with labels. It provides all of the information regarding the name, colors, and size, among other things. 

We can learn more about the Penguin by studying these descriptions. A Penguin is an object in this case.

An example for the class of Penguin can be:

class Penguin:


The class keyword is used to create an empty class called Penguin. We create instances from classes. A unique object formed from a certain class is referred to as an instance.

What is Object in Python OOPS?

A class is instantiated as an object (instance). Only the object's description is defined when class is defined. As a result, no memory or storage is assigned.

An example of the object of the Penguin class can be:

obj = Penguin()

Here, obj is an object of class Penguin.

Assume we have information on Penguins. Now we'll teach you how to create the Penguin class and objects.

class Penguin:

    # class attribute

    species = "bird"

    # instance attribute

    def __init__(self, name, age): = name

        self.age = age

# instantiate the Penguin class

pigeon= Penguin("Pigeon", 10)

parrot= Penguin("Parrot", 15)

# accessing class attributes

print("Pigeon is a {}".format(pigeon.__class__.species))

print("Parrot is also a {}".format(parrot.__class__.species))

# accessing instance attributes

print("{} is {} years old".format(, pigeon.age))

print("{} is {} years old".format(, parrot.age))


Pigeon is a bird
Parrot is also a bird
Pigeon is 10 years old
Parrot is 15 years old
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