Internet of Things (IoT) Tutorial

OWASP Top 10 IoT Security Risks

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  • What are The Top IoT Security Risks According to OWASP?

What are The Top IoT Security Risks According to OWASP?

Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) has named the top 10 vulnerabilities in IoT with an aim to secure the ecosystem. It will provide help to manufacturers and consumers in preventing possible cyberthreats. 

Here are the top 10 security risks in IoT:

1. Weak and Guessable Passwords

Passwords that can be easily brute-forced are the biggest vulnerabilities in the network. It also includes backdoors in firmware and user software that allows access to the threats.

2. Insecure Network Services

Insecure network services on the devices that run on devices that are exposed to the internet. It includes anything that compromises confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity. Any service that provides unauthorized remote control comes with this vulnerability.

3. Insecure Ecosystem Interfaces

There are some interfaces in the ecosystem of IoT like the web interface, cloud, and backend API that make the process smooth. But lack of proper authentication, poor encryption, and data filtering are some of the biggest vulnerabilities in insecure interfaces.

4. Lack of Secure Update Mechanisms

The lack of ability to update the IoT device, firmware validation, secure delivery of data, the anti-rollback mechanism is the fourth security vulnerability. Lack of notifications of security changes also come under this.

5. Using Insecure and Outdated Components

Insecure and outdated components can be a problem in IoT device security. Third-party software and hardware can make IoT devices prone to security attacks. 

6. Insufficient Privacy Protection

The personal information on the device or the IoT ecosystem which is used insecurely, can be a big vulnerability. Manufacturers' database is also under this threat in IoT.

7. Insecure Data Transfer and Storage

The lack of access control or encryption in data handling during transit, during rest, or processing can prove to be a vulnerability in IoT devices. Encryption is very important in transferring data.

8. Lack of Device Management

Lack of security support on devices deployed in production, update management, asset management, system monitoring, response time can be big vulnerabilities in IoT. Improper device management can lead to big threats.

9. Insecure Default Settings

The default settings in the device can be weak and can be exposed easily by the fraudulent. Fixed passwords, security updates, and outdated components come under this security risk.

10. Lack of Physical Hardening

Lack of physical hardening activities allows attackers to catch the vulnerability by catching sensitive information. Failure to discard debug ports can open the doors for threats in IoT devices.

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