Google Dorking Cheat Sheet 2023 (Commands List & Tricks)
Thanks to technological advancements, we can find any information on Google. We can use Google search engine to seek any data, resources, and information. No wonder Google has made our lives so easier and hassle-free.
However, there is still a lot of data on Google that we don’t know about. Using a hacking technique called Google Dorking, we can find hidden information within minutes. Many hackers use it to hack into sensitive data and collect crucial information. Hence, it is important for ethical hackers to understand what is Google Dorking and gain a fair understanding to prevent such attacks.
In this blog post, we will learn about the Google hacker database, Google Dorking commands, and more in detail.
What is Google Dorking?
Google Dorking, or Google Hacking, means using Google search-hacking techniques to hack into sensitive information and sites that are not available in public search results.
Google Dorking involves using advanced search operators and specific keywords to narrow down search results and discover potentially vulnerable websites, exposed data, or other valuable information.
For example, users can click on various tags, such as sites or images, to extract information or images from a website. They can also use a Google Dork cheat sheet containing different commands to get specific search results.
The Google Dorking technique is often used by security professionals, hackers, and researchers to uncover sensitive or hidden information on the internet.
Examples of Google Dorking
Some common examples of Google Dorking queries include:
Finding specific file types
You can search for specific file types, such as PDFs, spreadsheets, or databases, using queries like "filetype:pdf" or "filetype:xls."
Locating login pages
Queries like "inurl:login" or "intitle:login" can help you find websites with login pages that may be vulnerable to security exploits.
Identifying vulnerable devices
Searches like "intitle:webcamxp inurl:8080" can reveal webcams or other devices with known vulnerabilities.
Discovering exposed directories
Queries like "intitle:index.of" can help you find open directories on web servers that may contain sensitive information.
Finding specific information on a website
You can use queries to search within a specific website, like "site:example.com keyword" to find information on a particular domain.
What is Google Dorking Used For?
Google Dorking can be used for various purposes, both legitimate and potentially malicious, depending on the intent of the user.
Here are some common uses of Google Dorking:
1. Information Gathering
Security professionals and researchers use Google Dorking to gather information about websites, servers, and online assets. This can help identify vulnerabilities, assess the security of web applications, and uncover potential threats.
2. Vulnerability Assessment
Security experts may use Google Dorking to identify websites or systems that have known vulnerabilities. This information can be used to alert website owners or organizations to security issues that need to be addressed.
3. Competitive Intelligence
Companies may use Google Dorking to gain insights into the online presence and strategies of their competitors. This can involve finding hidden web pages, identifying keywords, or uncovering marketing tactics.
4. Academic Research
Researchers and academics may use Google Dorking to discover information for their studies and investigations. It can be a valuable tool for finding publicly accessible data and resources.
5. Website Administration
Website administrators and owners can use Google Dorking to check the indexability of their site's content, monitor search engine rankings, and assess the visibility of their web pages.
6. Content Discovery
Content creators and bloggers may use Google Dorking to find specific types of content, such as PDFs, images, or research papers, that are relevant to their work.
7. Cybersecurity and Penetration Testing
Ethical hackers and penetration testers use Google Dorking to identify potential entry points and vulnerabilities in systems and websites as part of security assessments. This helps organizations strengthen their security measures.
8. Privacy Awareness
Individuals concerned about their online privacy may use Google Dorking to see what personal information or data is publicly accessible through search engines and take steps to protect their online presence.
Google Dork Cheatsheet (Commands List)
A Google Dorking cheatsheet is a quick reference guide that provides a list of commonly used Google Dorking commands and operators. Here's a Google Dork cheat sheet for your reference:
Advanced Google Dorking Commands and Operators
Along with several Google Dork commands and operators, there are some advanced combinations of operators too that you can use to filter search results to maximize efficiency.
However, you can refer to the Google Hacker database to avoid typing these operators and combinations every time to search for any information. This database contains hundreds of combinations of multiple and advanced operators.
1. Searching for Vulnerable Webcams
Find webcams with known vulnerabilities:
2. Finding Open Elasticsearch Instances with Specific Data
Search for Elasticsearch instances containing specific data:
3. Exploring Open MongoDB Instances with Authentication Bypass
Search for MongoDB instances without authentication:
intext:"MongoDB Server Information" intitle:"MongoDB" -intext:"MongoDB Server Version"
4. Identifying Exposed OpenCV Instances
Search for OpenCV instances with exposed data:
intitle:"OpenCV Server" inurl:"/cgi-bin/guestimage.html"
5. Finding Exposed InfluxDB Instances
Search for InfluxDB instances with default configurations:
intitle:"InfluxDB - Admin Interface"
6. Locating Exposed RabbitMQ Management Interfaces
Search for RabbitMQ management interfaces:
7. Discovering Exposed Jenkins Builds
Search for Jenkins builds with specific information:
intitle:"Console Output" intext:"Finished: SUCCESS"
8. Finding Exposed Grafana Dashboards
Search for Grafana dashboards:
9. Exploring Open NVIDIA Jetson Devices
Search for NVIDIA Jetson devices with open ports:
intitle:"NVIDIA Jetson" intext:"NVIDIA Jetson"
10. Locating Open Fortinet Devices
Search for Fortinet devices with open interfaces:
intext:"FortiGate Console" intitle:"Dashboard"
11. Discovering Exposed OpenEMR Installations
Search for OpenEMR installations with specific data:
intitle:"OpenEMR Login" inurl:"/interface"
12. Finding Exposed Jenkins Script Console:
Search for Jenkins script consoles with default credentials:
intitle:"Jenkins Script Console" intext:"Run groovy script"
These advanced commands for Google dorking can be useful for specific security assessments and research purposes. Always ensure you have proper authorization and follow ethical guidelines when using advanced Google Dorking commands. Unauthorized or malicious use can have serious legal and ethical consequences.
Google Dorking Tools
Google Dorking tools are software or scripts designed to automate the process of searching for specific information using Google Dorking queries. These tools can help security professionals, researchers, and ethical hackers efficiently discover vulnerabilities and sensitive information on the internet.
Here are a few Google Dorking tools and resources:
Google Hacking Database (GHDB)
The GHDB is a collection of Google Dorking queries and examples created and maintained by the security community. It serves as a reference for finding information on the internet, including vulnerabilities and exposed data. You can access it at https://www.exploit-db.com/google-hacking-database.
Google Dorks Tool
There are various open-source and commercial tools available that facilitate Google Dorking. These tools often provide a user-friendly interface for constructing and executing Dorking queries. Examples include "DorkMe" and "Google Hacking Database Scraper."
While not specifically a Google Dorking tool, Shodan is a search engine that focuses on finding internet-connected devices and services. It can be used to discover open ports, exposed services, and vulnerable devices. Shodan provides its own set of search operators to find specific information.
Custom Scripts and Automation
Some security professionals and researchers develop custom scripts or automation tools to conduct Google Dorking searches tailored to their specific needs. These scripts can help streamline the process of searching for vulnerabilities and exposed data.
Online Vulnerability Scanners
Some web vulnerability scanners incorporate Google Dorking functionality as part of their scanning process. These scanners can automatically use Dorking queries to identify potential security issues on websites and web applications.
Many penetration testing frameworks, such as Metasploit and Burp Suite, include modules or extensions that allow security professionals to integrate Google Dorking into their assessments.
Safety Measures Against Google Dorking Techniques
By now, you must have understood what Google Dorks is and how your data might not be entirely safe on the internet. Therefore, to protect your data from Google hacker tricks, we have a few safety measures for you. These tips will help you safeguard your information to a certain extent.
Here are safety measures and best practices to defend against Google Dorking:
1. Implement Proper Access Controls
Restrict access to sensitive directories, files, and resources on your web server. Ensure that only authorized users can access them.
2. Use Strong Authentication
Implement strong authentication mechanisms for login pages and admin panels to prevent unauthorized access.
3. Regularly Update and Patch Software
Keep your web server software, content management systems (CMS), and plugins/modules up-to-date. Vulnerabilities in outdated software can be exploited.
4. Employ Security Headers
Use security headers like Content Security Policy (CSP), X-Content-Type-Options, and X-Frame-Options to protect against various web attacks, including clickjacking and data exfiltration.
5. Robots.txt File
Use a robots.txt file to specify which parts of your website should not be indexed by search engines. However, keep in mind that robots.txt is not a foolproof method and may not prevent all search engines from indexing sensitive content.
6. Implement CAPTCHA
Use CAPTCHA mechanisms on login pages to prevent automated brute force attacks.
7. Secure Default Credentials
Change default usernames and passwords for web applications and devices to prevent easy access for attackers.
8. Security Audits and Vulnerability Scans
Regularly conduct security audits and vulnerability scans of your website and web applications to identify and address potential weaknesses.
9. Limit Error Messages
Avoid displaying detailed error messages that could reveal sensitive information about your system or server configuration.
10. Monitor Server Logs
Continuously monitor server logs for suspicious activity, such as repeated login failures or unusual access patterns.
11. Implement Web Application Firewalls (WAFs)
12. Educate Staff and Users
Educate your staff and users about the risks of sharing sensitive information online and the importance of not using default credentials.
13. Limit Information Exposure
Minimize the amount of sensitive data that is publicly accessible on your website or web applications. Use appropriate access controls to restrict access to confidential information.
14. Use Network Security Measures
Implement network security measures, such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems (IDS), and intrusion prevention systems (IPS), to protect your network infrastructure.
15. Incident Response Plan
Develop an incident response plan to address security breaches promptly if they occur.
16. Legal and Compliance Considerations
Comply with legal and regulatory requirements regarding data protection and security, such as GDPR or HIPAA, if applicable to your organization.
Disclaimer: It's important to note that while Google Dorking can serve legitimate and valuable purposes, it can also be misused for malicious activities such as hacking, data breaches, and cyberattacks. Engaging in such activities is illegal and unethical. Responsible and ethical use of Google Dorking is essential to ensure that it is used for constructive and lawful purposes.